The patina process has been around for centuries.  Since the dawning of the bronze age people noticed that metals, particularly soft metals, changed color over time.  At first they thought this was similar to the moss growing on rocks and trees.  In a way they were right.  Patinas are caused by the combination of acids, water which creates rust, and sunshine and will grow organically on any exposed or untreated metal.  With the application of various chemicals and heat, patinas of varying colors and textures can be etched onto the surface.  And if the piece is left to age in the sun the patina will continue to age and the colors will often experience dramatic change.  (use scroll bar to continue reading)

Ancient patinas were achieved over time through the application of more organic chemicals like urine, citrus fruits, particularly lemon and grapefruit, and vinegar.  Many of these techniques are still used today.  A certain chemical by itself will generate a certain color and texture depending on the strength of the blend.  When a chemical solution is applied to a surface that was preheated by either the sun or flame, the chemical will experience an almost immediate reaction and reveal a full palette of colors.  As the artist heats the chemicals on the metal surface with a flame color change will accelerate.  Over time, metal artists developed techniques and approaches using flame to jumpstart and promote the process.  With heat they could control the application of chemicals by color and texture, and create layers of patina to add depth.  As the artist passes the torch over the solution and it warms to about 200 degrees, he is most often rewarded with the sight of new colors springing forth from the work  in front of the flame of his torch.  The process of holding in your hand a hot torch made live by the compressed air that creates concentrated energy in the form of. a 1,700 degree flame that you can then apply to exotic chemicals and metal  to elicit a totally unique and always surprising palette of color and pattern  is a fulfilling and satisfying experience.  You now possess an exciting experience and a very unique object.  Like crystals and snowflakes, no two will ever be the sameAt the end of your process you end up with a one of  kid item whose colors and textures were controlled by you knowledge and your ability to mix the chemicals, and blend them is the right proportions, and by the decisions you made on where and how much solution to apply to one spot, what solutions to place adjacent, and what solutions to combine as layers.  And then you decided to apply heat.  More preheat perhaps in this area than that.  A brush of  flame over hear, perhaps a shot of blowtorch flame over there.  The piece softens, bends, and twists to accept the chemicals and in the end reveals its own story through the elements of color, figure, blending, and shadow.

Like the actor on the stage the piece itself is front and center.  Like the actor the piece is limited by certain rules.  A line must be delivered on time with perfect inflection and no last minute change.  The actor is burdened by creating in a box which is bound by the clothing, associates, and lines assigned to him.  And it must all be done on queue.  But it is the artist who has the script, controls the setting, determines the pace.  He is the one who has been gifted with the mind of man.  He alone possesses intelligence, passion, and skill.  He is the one having the ability to remember past experiences, and the reason to act on them.  He can inspire a vision, form a plan, and either executed or pr deviate at any time.  With his mind and soul, acting as titular head of his passion, he alone can create this form and this substance to arrange composition and context  not to breathe life into dead metal, rather to breathe life into those who see it.